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Types of Roofing

A roof is the top covering of a building or home that provides protection from rain, snow, sunlight and extremes of temperature. There are a wide variety of roof options available to homeowners.


Asphalt shingles are durable, affordable and easy to install. The slope of a roof is known as its pitch and is determined by the rise in inches per foot of horizontal distance, or run. For professional help, contact Roofing In Evansville.

A roof is an important part of a house or building that protects the structure from rain, snow, sunlight and extremes of temperature. Several types of roofs exist to provide different benefits to the building and its inhabitants.

The gable roof is an easy-to-build structure that sheds water well and facilitates ventilation. It can be constructed using a wide range of materials, including clay tiles, wood shakes or shingles. A gable roof can also feature triangular extensions on either side, which can be left open for an open gable roof or enclosed for a boxed gable roof.

Hip roofs are more compact than gable roofs and offer excellent wind resistance. They are pyramid-shaped and have steep lower slopes and gentler upper slopes. They are ideal for places that experience frequent storms and heavy winds.

A flat roof is a type of roof that has very little or no pitch, and it channels rainwater into a drain. This is a common option for commercial buildings. Flat roofs can be made from a variety of materials, including EPDM rubber, TPO and PVC roofing membranes, tar and gravel, rolled asphalt or metal sheets.

Curved roofs can be sloping or flat, and they are often found on vintage-looking structures like churches and homes that have a Tudor, Queen Anne or Victorian architectural style. They are also known as bell roofs, sprocket or curved-arch roofs.

Mansard roofs, which are a variation of the gable roof, are very popular because they can be constructed with open or closed dormers. These additions to the roof can increase headroom in the attic and add visual appeal to the building’s exterior. They are also suitable for adding other additions to the home, such as a veranda or a sunroom.

A clerestory is a roof that features a row of windows along its ridgeline. This allows natural light to enter the building, reducing the need for artificial lighting. This roof design is often used on commercial and industrial buildings, but it can also be incorporated into residential houses with a modern or contemporary style.


The roofing materials used on a roof can have a big impact on its cost, appearance and longevity. The right choice can also help a home save energy and money. There are many different options to consider when selecting a roof material, including asphalt shingles, clay tiles, metal and slate. Some of these options may even be able to add value to your property.

Depending on the style of your home and local climate conditions, one type of roofing material might be more suitable than another. For example, clay or molded plastic roofing will absorb less heat, making them more appropriate for warm regions. On the other hand, natural slate is popular for homes with a Mediterranean or Spanish design style, but it can be expensive and requires highly specialized installation techniques.

Other common roofing materials include felt-like materials overlaid with asphalt and tar. This is an economical option for homeowners and builders on a budget. It is available in a variety of colors and textures to match any style home.

Another popular roofing material is rolled or flat concrete tile. It is available in cool colors and performs well in hot climates. It is also durable and can withstand heavy rainfall. Tests show that white flat cement tiles reflect up to 77 percent of the sun’s rays, which can help keep a building cooler and less energy-intensive than traditional shingle roofing.

Wood shingles and shakes are an attractive, durable roofing material often seen on Cape Cod-style homes. They are typically made from cedar or redwood, and they are either shaved shingles or thicker wedges of wood with a rougher texture. These are not as lightweight as some other types of roofing, and they require careful maintenance to ensure they stay in place.

Besides the traditional materials mentioned above, there are some unusual and innovative choices that can improve the efficiency of a roof. These features include reflective shingles, water-resistant materials, solar panels and other eco-friendly additions. The roofing experts at a trusted company like GAF WeatherWatch can recommend the best features to suit your needs.


The construction and maintenance of a roof safeguards a building’s inhabitants from rain, snow, sunlight, wind, and extreme temperatures. Throughout the years, roofs have been constructed in a variety of ways and are designed for specific technical or aesthetic considerations.

A new or re-roofing project begins with a thorough inspection. A professional contractor will assess the existing structure and identify any areas that require repair or replacement. Then, he’ll lay out a plan for the project, taking into account your preferences regarding materials and design.

Once the blueprint is in place, the installation process can begin. Your roofing professionals will safeguard your property and landscaping and set up a safe work area. They’ll then take precise measurements and accurately estimate the amount of materials needed to complete your project.

Your roof will be protected with underlayment, a waterproof layer that’s installed beneath the shingles. It’s placed over the entire surface of your roof, extending out past the drip edges. Then, your roofing crew will nail in a row of shingle starter strips. These have an adhesive backing that helps the shingles stick to the underlayment. The shingles are then applied, beginning at the bottom of your roof and working up to the ridge. A shingle’s cap nails are spaced closely together at the edges and spread out more toward the middle, creating a watertight seal.

Flashing is also installed in certain leak-prone areas of your roof. It’s used around chimneys, wood stove pipes, some vents, and along the eaves. Some flashings, like IKO’s ice and water protector, also act as a vapor retardant to restrict the passage of water vapor.

Your roofing experts will install your shingles, and may install other components like skylights, dormers, or vents for increased attic ventilation (which will help lower your energy bills). Finally, a final inspection is conducted to verify adherence to local codes and to make any necessary adjustments. During this time, your roofing professionals will also clean up any debris from the project and restore your yard or garden to its pre-installation state. This includes removing trash, packaging, and equipment.


Keeping a roof in good condition is a crucial part of protecting the interior of a home or building and safeguarding its structural integrity. Whether constructed from shingles, tiles, or another material, a roof’s main function is to protect against rain, snow, sunlight, wind, and extremes of temperature. In order to preserve a roof’s structure and prevent water leaks, it is vital that any problems are addressed promptly.

A thorough inspection of a roof should be done at least once each season. This should include a look at the shingles for excessive wear or damage, checking the caulk around chimneys and vent pipes, and looking for signs of moss or lichen. In addition, the flashing should be inspected for cracking, openings, or deterioration, as well as the sealant around roof penetrations such as skylights and vents.

In addition, any debris that accumulates on a roof should be removed promptly. This is important to prevent blockage of the drain lines, which can lead to ponding water and potentially roof collapse. It is also a good idea to trim any branches that are too close to the roof, as these can be broken off by heavy winds during storms and may cause additional damage to the roof surface. Finally, the soil near flat roofs should be regularly inspected, as plant roots can penetrate the waterproofing layer and cause serious problems. Inspecting these areas on a regular basis can help avoid costly repairs in the future. If any problems are spotted, they should be addressed right away to prevent small, easily repairable issues from escalating into major repairs.